ContrastNER: Contrastive-based Prompt Tuning for Few-shot NER

Published in COMPSAC2023, 2023

Recommended citation: Amirhossein Layegh, Layegh et al. (2022). "ContrastNER: Contrastive-based Prompt Tuning for Few-shot NER." COMPSAC2023. 1(1).

Prompt-based language models have produced encouraging results in numerous applications, including Named Entity Recognition (NER) tasks. NER aims to identify entities in a sentence and provide their types. However, the strong performance of most available NER approaches is heavily dependent on the design of discrete prompts and a verbalizer to map the model-predicted outputs to entity categories, which are complicated undertakings. To address these challenges, we present ContrastNER, a prompt-based NER framework that employs both discrete and continuous tokens in prompts and uses a contrastive learning approach to learn the continuous prompts and forecast entity types. The experimental results demonstrate that ContrastNER obtains competitive performance to the state-of-the-art NER methods in high-resource settings and outperforms the state-of-the-art models in low-resource circumstances without requiring extensive manual prompt engineering and verbalizer design.

Download paper here

Recommended citation: Amirhossein Layeghe, Layegh et al. (2023). “ContrastNER: Contrastive-based Prompt Tuning for Few-shot NER.” COMPSAC2023. 1(1).